What is ADA Compliant?

ADA Compliant Floor Mats

The Americans with Disabilities Act requires both commercial and public buildings to meet specific codes. There are several categories involving mats -- ranging from bathrooms to ramps. Being ADA Compliant with entrance matting specifies detailed restrictions.

Recessed metal mats and surface-mount Pedimats are fully ADA compliant and easily traversed by wheelchair traffic. They provide a safe surface and ensure easy accessibility to your facility.

A summary of the Accessibility Guidelines includes:

  1. On any ground surface carpet must be attached securely to the floor;
  2. Have a firm backing or no backing at all;
  3. Maximum thickness equal or less than 1/2". If the thickness is between 1/4" and 1/2" the exposed edges need to be beveled.
Recessed Entrance Grates/Mats:
  1. Spaces or gaps between grates need to be 1/2" or less in one direction.
The following is reprinted from "Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities"   As amended through September 2002

4.      Accessible Elements and Spaces:  Scope and Technical Requirements . . .

4.5     Ground and Floor Surfaces.

4.5.1* General. Ground and floor surfaces along accessible routes and in accessible rooms and spaces including floors, walks, ramps, stairs, and curb ramps, shall be stable, firm, slip-resistant, and shall comply with 4.5. Appendix Note

4.5.2 Changes in Level. Changes in level up to 1/4 in (6 mm) may be vertical and without edge treatment (see Fig. 7(c) ). Changes in level between 1/4 in and 1/2 in (6 mm and 13 mm) shall be beveled with a slope no greater than 1:2 (see Fig. 7(d) ). Changes in level greater than 1/2 in (13 mm) shall be accomplished by means of a ramp that complies with 4.7 or 4.8.

4.5.3* Carpet. If carpet or carpet tile is used on a ground or floor surface, then it shall be securely attached; have a firm cushion, pad, or backing, or no cushion or pad; and have a level loop, textured loop, level cut pile, or level cut/uncut pile texture. The maximum pile thickness shall be 1/2 in (13 mm) (see Fig. 8(f)). Exposed edges of carpet shall be fastened to floor surfaces and have trim along the entire length of the exposed edge. Carpet edge trim shall comply with 4.5.2. Appendix Note

4.5.4 Gratings. If gratings are located in walking surfaces, then they shall have spaces no greater than 1/2 in (13 mm) wide in one direction (see Fig. 8(g)). If gratings have elongated openings, then they shall be placed so that the long dimension is perpendicular to the dominant direction of travel(see Fig. 8(h)).

Appendix Note:

A4.5.1 General. People who have difficulty walking or maintaining balance or who use crutches, canes, or walkers, and those with restricted gaits are particularly sensitive to slipping and tripping hazards. For such people, a stable and regular surface is necessary for safe walking, particularly on stairs. Wheelchairs can be propelled most easily on surfaces that are hard, stable, and regular. Soft loose surfaces such as shag carpet, loose sand or gravel, wet clay, and irregular surfaces such as cobblestones can significantly impede wheelchair movement.

Appendix Note:

A4.5.3 Carpet. Much more needs to be done in developing both quantitative and qualitative criteria for carpeting (i.e., problems associated with texture and weave need to be studied). However, certain functional characteristics are well established. When both carpet and padding are used, it is desirable to have minimum movement (preferably none) between the floor and the pad and the pad and the carpet which would allow the carpet to hump or warp. In heavily trafficked areas, a thick, soft (plush) pad or cushion, particularly in combination with long carpet pile, makes it difficult for individuals in wheelchairs and those with other ambulatory disabilities to get about. Firm carpeting can be achieved through proper selection and combination of pad and carpet, sometimes with the elimination of the pad or cushion, and with proper installation. Carpeting designed with a weave that causes a zig-zag effect when wheeled across is strongly discouraged.

Reprinted:  “ Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities”  As amended through September 2002

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